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These populations—comprising men who have sex with men MSMtransgender people, people who inject drugs, and commercial sex workers—are most likely to be exposed to HIV or to transmit it. Reliable figures on a nationwide scale are not available.
HIV prevalence was 31 percent among Dar es Salaam female sex workers compared to 10 percent among women in the general population, according to a NACP study;  A staggering 70 percent of Treating people as human beings sex workers in Mbeya were HIV positive, according to a study;  HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Dar es Salaam is as high as 40 percent, according to preliminary results from a recent study;  An estimated 35 percent of people who inject drugs in Dar es Salaam have HIV.
According to government estimates, The criminalization of people who are at higher risk of infection, such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people and people who use drugs, drives them underground and away from HIV services.
This increases their vulnerability to HIV, as well as to stigma, discrimination, marginalization and violence. Discriminatory laws, and both unhelpful policies and regulatory frameworks, have had a negative bearing on some of the key sub populations limiting their access to services.
Engaging in sex work is illegal in both mainland Tanzania and in Zanzibar, and sex workers are frequently arrested in both places. A former health official in Arusha, in northern Tanzania, confirmed that the criminalization of same-sex conduct made it more difficult to reach MSM in public health campaigns: The representative of an Arusha-based organization that conducts sensitizations on HIV and safer sex told Human Rights Watch and WASO that she had thought about trying to reach out to men who have sex with men, but had been afraid to do so, thinking that it was illegal to conduct workshops for MSM and that she would run into problems with the government.
The police are a problem. They need to know you, to build trust. They may think we want to chase them from this town. Joyce Nyoni, a lecturer at the University of Dar es Salaam who is carrying out research among men who have sex with men, told Human Rights Watch that criminalization complicates academic research on key populations: It would be easier to find a platform to do so if it were legal.
People are afraid to come to us. Just for doing the research I had an office outside the university. We had to do things in a low-key way, not have groups come… The main challenge is, how do we reach them?
They [the government] can track people. It could be harder to do this programing now. It would be against the framework that is in place.
Some believe the anus is hot and can kill the virus; some believe they can flush it out afterwards. There is nothing specific for MSM in terms of public awareness campaigns. I had sexual relations with a guy the other day.
He wanted me to have sex with him, so I did it. I did not use a condom. I did not know you could get AIDS from anal sex. These organizations cannot operate with complete openness, as they are afraid of being shut down by the government, but they have established working relationships with government health institutions such as TACAIDS and the Zanzibar AIDS Commission.
There are no harm reduction programs for people who use drugs outside of Dar es Salaam. There is currently no organization of any kind working with sex workers in Arusha, a tourist hub, despite the sizable sex worker population there.
As noted above, some mainstream human rights organizations hesitate to reach out to key populations out of fear that programming for these marginalized groups may be illegal.
The criminalization of key populations poses a challenge to human rights defenders.Aug 03, · Norway Proves That Treating Prison Inmates As Human Beings Actually Works "Treat people like dirt, and they will be dirt.
Treat them like human beings, and they will act like human beings.".
People were told off for taking five minutes to go to the bathroom. You're clocking up idle time, you're taking time to get to the toilet. They started treating human beings as robots, attheheels.comd: Sep 18, At the end of the day, [this is] what harm reduction is: instead of treating people like animals, we decide to treat people like human beings, regardless of what their addiction is, what their situation is.
Treating Patients as Human Beings Collin Searle Dec 5, These patients and families look to their clinicians and caregivers to provide them with lifesaving medical care. Feb 04, · Stop Praising Able-bodies for Treating Disabled People Like Human Beings.
ericamones February 4, August 21, Disability. Post navigation. The world needs to wake up and understand that disabled people are human beings, and therefore, have . One human rights activist told Human Rights Watch that if the government were to demonstrate greater tolerance toward LGBTI people and sex workers, his network would feel safer in reaching out to.