The field of Affective Computing AC expects to narrow the communicative gap between the highly emotional human and the emotionally challenged computer by developing computational systems that recognize and respond to the affective states of the user. Affect-sensitive interfaces are being developed in number of domains, including gaming, mental health, and learning technologies.
With the current surge in national economy the industrial traffic has increased many folds in terms of quantity of load and traffic volume.
This results in early deterioration of the roads. An efficient road transportation system is of vitally important for smooth operations of industrial units. Construction of new roads needs an enormous investment. However, once constructed the road network system requires huge resources to maintain serviceability and to ensure safe passage at an appropriate speed and with low VOC Vehicle Operating Cost.
Road maintenance is therefore an essential function and should be carried out on Pll thesis razavi timely basis. The cost of providing and maintaining the roads for the industrial areas at an acceptable serviceability level is quite high. It is therefore essential for a transportation engineer to attempt establishing an acceptable pavement condition level from economic, safety and environmental point of view.
The efficient pavement management system shall provide objective information and useful analysis to ensure consistent and cost effective decisions related to preservation of existing industrial road network in healthy condition.
Pavement, maintenance, management rehabilitation, transportation Reference 1. An Expert System for Pavement Maintenance".
Transportation Research Record,pp Ameri Mahmod, Eftehkarzadah Farhad. Pavement Management System forRoads. Iran Science and Technology University.
PhD Dissertation, University of Leeds. Guidelines on Calibration and Adaptation. A wireless local area network LAN is a network that connects computer systems and devices within the same geographical area but without the use of wire. Fragmentation threshold is one of the parameters used in a wireless local area network which specifies the values to decide if the Media Access Control MAC Service Data Unit MSDU received from the higher layer network needs fragmentation before transmission.
The number of fragments to be transmitted is calculated based on the size of the MSDU and the fragmentation threshold. Based on the graphical results obtained, it can be said that fragmentation increases the size of queue and the number of data dropped in a transmission, and also the smaller the fragmentation, the more increase in the retransmission attempts.
Data dropped, fragmentation threshold, LAN, packet drop probability, retransmission attempts. Reference  Ralph M. Stair and George W. An efficient bandwidth sharing scheme, Computer Communications Journal, Vol.
The use of Visual Loan calculator for banking industry is very necessary in modern day banking system using many design techniques for security reasons. This paper thus presents the software-based design and implementation of a Visual Loan calculator for banking industry using Visual Basic.
Net operating tools, and then developing a working program which calculates the interest of any loan obtained.
Net programming was done, implemented and the software proved satisfactory. Principal, rate, simple interest, time, Visual Basic.
Net Reference  Ochi-Okorie A. The use of clay materials for the production of emulsion paints was investigated. Two types of clay: Conventional Chemical pigmented Paint CP was also produced as a control. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, AAS was used to determine the chemical composition of the clay and the concentration of heavy metals on the paints produced.
Total organic content TOC and quality control tests were also carried out on the paints. The results of the analysis on the two clay types showed that they contained The cost per litre of CP was N Abidalla, "Natural house paint", Retrieved March 3rdfrom http: Rangwala, "Pigment History of Chemistry Artistic importance of Colouring agents", retrieved March 4th, from http: Manipulation of digital images has become a serious problem nowadays.
There are many areas like medical imaging, digital forensics, journalism, scientific publications, etc, where image forgery can be done very easily. To determine whether a digital image is original or doctored is a big challenge.• PLL acts as a high-pass filter with respect to VCO jitter • “Bandwidth” is the modulation frequency at which the PLL begins to lose lock with the changing reference (-3dB).
鎖相迴路（PLL: Phase-locked loops）是一種利用反饋（Feedback）控制原理實現的頻率及相位的同步技術，其作用是將電路輸出的時鐘與其外部的參考時鐘保持同步。 當參考時鐘的頻率或相位發生改變時，鎖相迴路會檢測到這種變化，並且通過其內部的反饋系統來調節輸出頻率，直到兩者重新同步，這種.
Design of Monolithic Phase-Locked Loops and Clock Recovery Circuits—A Tutorial (B. Razavi). BASIC THEORY. Theory of AFC Synchronization (W. Gruen). loop, fabricated in a partially scaled m CMOS technology. Conﬁgured as a master-slave circuit, the divider achieves a maximum speed of GHz with a power dissipation of 28 mW.
MODELING THE PHASE STEP RESPONSE OF BANG-BANG DIGITAL PLLS Moataz Abdelfattah Supervised by: AUC J. Lee, K. S. Kundert, and B. Razavi, “Analysis and modeling of bangbang clock and Y. “Modeling the Response of Bang-Bang Digital PLLs to Phase Error. ECEN High-Speed Links Circuits and Systems Spring Lecture CDRs.
Announcements • Project • TX PLL • TX Clock Distribution • CDR • Per-channel PLL-based [Razavi] Late Tb/2 ref Hogge Phase Detector • For phase transfer 0rad is w.r.t.