At least two of these personalities repeatedly assert themselves to control the affected person's behavior.
Knowing the signs of Lewy body dementia may help speed diagnosis October 12, Melissa J. Lewy body dementia and other illnesses of aging brains cause immeasurable suffering for patients and their families. But, despite the fact that Lewy body dementia is the second most common dementiait remains frequently unrecognized.
In one study, almost 70 percent of people diagnosed with Lewy body dementia saw three consultants before receiving the diagnosis. For a third of people with the disease, getting the correct diagnosis took more than two years. As a physician specializing in Lewy body dementia, I often hear patients and families describe delays in getting a diagnosis.
Awareness is critical, particularly as new opportunities emerge for diagnosis and treatment. What is Lewy body dementia? Lewy body dementia gets its name from the abnormal protein clumps that are seen on autopsies of the brains of people with Lewy body dementia.
The protein alpha-synuclein — a protein found in the brain, not one you eat — clumps into spheres called Lewy bodies which can be seen using a microscope.
These are named after F. Lewy, the person who first described them. The diagnosis Lewy body dementia is an umbrella term that includes two different conditions: Robin Williams was diagnosed with diffuse Lewy body disease only after his death in These two conditions share many of the same features.
In addition to memory and thinking problems and movement problems, people with these conditions can have fluctuations in their alertness and concentration, hallucinations and paranoia, acting out dreams during sleep something called REM sleep behavior disorderlow blood pressure with standing, daytime sleepiness and depression, among other symptoms.
Diagnosis is important Getting the correct diagnosis is critical for patients and families. The diagnosis of Lewy body dementia is often missed due to lack of awareness by physicians, patients and families.
Even for people eventually receiving a diagnosis of Lewy body dementia, research shows their first diagnosis is commonly incorrect.
Knowing the correct diagnosis lets patients and families connect to resources such as the Lewy Body Dementia Associationan organization dedicated to helping people living with this disease.
The organization provides education on Lewy body dementia, helps patients and families know what to expect, links patients and families to support and resources and connects them to research opportunities.
Once a diagnosis is made, physicians can also suggest potentially helpful treatments. Avenues for research There is a great deal that we still need to learn about the Lewy body dementias. Increasing research is a priority of the National Institutes of Health. Earlier this year, experts published new criteria for the diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodiesaiming to improve accurate diagnosis.
There are also currently multiple research studies trying to find drugs to help people with Lewy body dementias, including studies to investigate drugs hoped to improve thinkinghallucinations and walking.
Current research studies are testing drugs hoped to improve memory and thinking. Researchers into Lewy body dementia hope that continued studies will lead to improved treatments. Recent vaccine studies suggested that the body might be able to create antibodies against alpha-synuclein.
If effective, a vaccine would prompt the immune systems of people with these diseases to create antibodies to attack and clear the protein clumps. With advances in diagnosis and treatment, there is reason for hope. This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.The DSM-IV is the fourth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders The DSM organizes these conditions into different categories.
Each condition is given a code, made up of numbers or a combination of numbers and letters.
A person can have just one Axis I diagnosis. A Lesser-Known Dementia That Steals Personality Frontotemporal dementia, unlike Alzheimer's, often hits people in the prime of their lives, and can make them act like a completely different person.
MS may mean you have to make changes over time, but you are the same person you have always been. MS diagnosis - the roller coaster ride One way of understanding the initial reaction is to look at it like a roller coaster ride.
This means that there are more than possible combinations of five criteria that can qualify a person for a diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder. In other words, people with the same diagnosis of Borderline Personality would each have a different set of symptoms.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) manifests in many different ways, but for the purposes of diagnosis, mental health professionals group the symptoms into nine major categories. In order to be diagnosed with BPD, you must show signs of at least five of these symptoms.
Children can be quite inventive in stigmatizing differences but more compassionate people may be able to repair some of the damage to the self-esteem of someone with Asperger’s syndrome who has been ridiculed for being different.