History of punjab state of sikh

Indus Valley Civilisation Punjab in ancient times was known as the Sapt-Sindhava, or land of the seven rivers. The name Punjab was given by later Islamic invaders.

History of punjab state of sikh

Indus Valley Civilisation Punjab in ancient times was known as the Sapt-Sindhava, or land of the seven rivers. The name Punjab was given by later Islamic invaders.

This period goes back to the first inter-glacial period in the second Ice Agefrom which remnants of stone and flint tools have been found.

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Punjab and the surrounding areas are the location of the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation, also known as the Harappan Civilisation. There are ruins of cities, thousands of years old,[ clarification needed ] found in these areas with the most notable being those of HarappaRakhigarhi and Rupar.

Besides the aforementioned sites, hundreds of ancient settlements have been found throughout the region, spanning an area of about miles. These ancient towns and cities had advanced features such as city-planning, brick-built houses, sewage and draining systems, as well as public baths.

The people of the Indus Valley also developed a writing system, that has to this day not been deciphered. The latter are loosely translated to being oligarchies or republics. These political entities were represented from the Rig Veda to the Astadhyayi by Panini.

Archaeologically, the time span of these entities corresponds to phases also present in the Indo-Gangetic divide and the upper Gangetic basin. Although their distribution patterns are not satisfactorily ascertainable, they are associated with the Porusni, Asikni, Satudri, Vipas, and Saraswati.

The rivers of the Punjab often corresponded to the eastern Janapadas. An important event of the Rig Vedic era was the " Battle of Ten Kings " which was fought on the banks of the river Parusni identified with the present-day Ravi river between king Sudas of the Trtsu lineage of the Bharata clan on the one hand and a confederation of ten tribes on the other.

The ten tribes pitted against Sudas comprised five major tribes: Sudas was supported by the Vedic Rishi Vasishthawhile his former Purohita, the Rishi Viswamitrasided with the confederation of ten tribes.

History of punjab state of sikh

It was only after the death of Sudas that Samvaran could return to his kingdom. This was fought between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

Duryodhana, a descendant of Kuru who was the son of king Samvaranhad tried to insult the Panchali princess Draupadi in revenge for defeating his ancestor Samvaran. Most of the Janapadas that had exerted large territorial influence, or Mahajanapadas, had been raised in the Indo-Gangetic plain with the exception of Gandhara in modern-day Afghanistan.

There was a large level of contact between all the Janapadas of ancient India with descriptions being given of trading caravans, movement of students from universities, and itineraries of princes.

The most notable of the universities is that at Taxila also referred to as Takhsh-Shilawhich was dedicated to the study of the "three Vedas and 18 branches of knowledge". This was the first time he moved beyond the limits of the Persian Empire. Alexander sent heralds ahead of him to the native rulers on the west side of the Indus and divided his army into two.

He led one wing himself, and the other was commanded by Hephastion. Alexander took his troops and razed several cities, fought a battle at Massaka which turned into a massacre, and conducted the battle at Aornos rock.

Somewhere in this region, Alexander visited a city called Nysa which was in legend founded by a god.The Sikh empire was finally dissolved at the end of the Second Anglo-Sikh War in into separate princely states and the British province of Punjab.

Eventually, a Lieutenant Governorship was formed in Lahore as a direct representative of the British Crown. History of Punjab: State of Sikh Religion Punjab, state in northwestern India,bordered on the north by Jammu and Kashmir state and Himachal Pradesh state, on the east and south by Haryana state, on the south and southwest by Rajasthan state, and on the west by Pakistan.

May 01,  · In Punjab, Opposition parties have made changes in Punjab from ‘Punjab to India in the form of insult to the glorious history of Sikh Gurus’. Chandigarh: New class XII course for history, focusing on Indian history rather than state, has launched an opposition attack against Amarinder Singh-led Congress government.

The word “Punjab” is made up of two Persian words -Panj- and -Aab-.

History of Muslim-Sikh,s in Punjab Background[ edit ] In the s there was a demand for linguistic reorganisation of the state of Punjab, which the government finally agreed in after protests and recommendation of the States Reorganisation commission. The industrial development was not done at the same pace of agricultural development, the Indian government had been reluctant to set up heavy industries in Punjab due to its status as a high-risk border state with Pakistan.
On this page Background[ edit ] In the s there was a demand for linguistic reorganisation of the state of Punjab, which the government finally agreed in after protests and recommendation of the States Reorganisation commission.
History of Punjab From about BCE the Indus River basin was home to the Indus valley civilization, one of the earliest in human history. The civilization declined rapidly after the 17th century BCE, for reasons that are still unexplained.
Sikhism History, Sikhism God,Sikh World,Sikh ,Sikhi,Sikh, Sikhism beliefs, . Land Relief, drainage, and soils Punjab spans three physiographic regions, the smallest being the Siwalik Range in the northeast, where elevations reach about 3, feet metres. Farther south, the narrow, undulating foothill region is dissected by closely spaced seasonal torrents, locally known as chos, several of which terminate in the plain below without joining any stream.

Panj means five and Aab means water. This name was probably given to this land possibly in an era when this region came into close contact with Persia.

The Sikh Empire (also Sikh Khalsa Raj, Sarkar-i-Khalsa or Panjab (Punjab) Empire) was a major power in the Indian subcontinent, formed under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who established a secular empire based in the attheheels.coml: Lahore.

Punjab, being a frontline and focal-point state upon the border with Pakistan, is also a major area of extreme strategic security importance.

In the early s, a small group of Sikh fundamentalists sought the Punjabi state to be made independent of India.

India - The Sikhs in the Punjab | attheheels.com