While many people smoke or vape it, you can also consume marijuana as an ingredient in food, brewed tea, or oils.
View The 3-Step Process Marijuana is one of the most popular drugs on the market today. While it may have the impression of being a harmless, fun substance, it is still a drug that changes what goes on in the mind, sometimes with significant consequences. Marijuana is as effective Cannabis the physiological affects it is because its active chemical compound tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC mimics substances called endocannabinoids that the human body produces on its own.
In the brain, endocannabinoids work by controlling the production of neurotransmitters chemical substances that facilitate communication between the brain and the central nervous system.
In the rest of the body, endocannabinoids relax muscles, reduce inflammation, protect damaged tissue, and regulate appetite and metabolism, among many other functions.
Because endocannabinoids are so important, the brain has readymade receptors for them. Since the THC in cannabis mimics natural endocannabinoids, marijuana is unique among other drugs in that regard.
The same physiological effects that arise from the normal application of endocannabinoids are triggered with the use of marijuana, especially in the brain. This is why smokers experience memory issues, augmented levels of pain, and alterations to emotion, pleasure, and movement control.
Marijuana and Memory Problems The memory issues come from the way marijuana hits the hippocampus, the region of the brain that regulates short-term memory.
The effect of cannabis temporarily prevents the brain from developing new memories and learning new things, which is a form of short-term memory. Researchers who published their findings in the Molecular Psychiatry journal discovered that heavy cannabis users are at risk for developing false memories, even if those users had gone without smoking pot for over a month.
Such a finding is one of a number that suggests people who were regular marijuana smokers in their teenage years are more likely to have memory problems as adults. As past years of marijuana use went up, verbal memory scores went down; expressed numerically, 50 percent of pot smokers tended to remember one fewer word from a list of 15 words.
Nonetheless, he warned that cannabis is still a drug, and all drugs have some level of harm to them. From Youth to Adulthood Aside from memory, other research has looked at the long-term effects of marijuana on dopamine. Production of the neurotransmitter that regulates the pleasure and reward centers of the brain can be compromised if the marijuana use is heavy, according to an article in Molecular Psychiatry found.
People who smoked a lot of marijuana tested positive for lower dopamine release in the region of the brain that also controls attention and impulsive behavior. Participants in this study tended to start smoking pot around the age of 16 and became dependent on the substance by In the month before the study was conducted, nearly all users reported smoking marijuana on a daily basis.
A former president of the American Psychiatric Association commented on the studysaying that there is a growing body of evidence that shows that youth use of cannabis develops into problems in adulthood. Conditions of the Heart Many of those problems manifest physically, not just psychologically.
Healthline explains that since marijuana smoke consists of a number of toxic chemicals such as ammonia and hydrogen cyanidelong-term exposure to smoking can damage the bronchial passages and the lungs.
Regular pot smokers are more likely to have persistent coughs, have some trouble breathing, and produce excess phlegm and mucus from their throats.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse cautions that the chemical can increase the heart rate by as many as 50 beats per minute, which can last as long as three hours. Smokers who have heart disease could be at a greater risk of heart attack. Research from the Journal of the American Heart Association suggests that regular marijuana use can not only contribute to the possibility of a heart attack, but also to heart rhythm disorders and strokeeven in young people who have no other risk factors for heart disease.
The point is echoed by the American College of Cardiologywhich notes that marijuana causes irregular heart rates and increases the risk of an acute coronary syndrome, which refers to any number of conditions that can be brought on by the sudden interruption of the blood flow to the heart.4. Marijuana smoking affects the brain and leads to impaired short-term memory, perception, judgment and motor skills.
Physiological effects of marijuana include an alteration of heart rate. Cannabis: Physiological and Cognitive Effects.
Created by Meredith Fisher-Corn, MD and Stephen B. Corn, MD Editors' Note: Medical marijuana has become an important area of study in healthcare. Doctors and healthcare professionals must understand the medical, legal, and social issues to best respond to their patients' questions and attend to their .
How Marijuana Works. Other Physiological Effects of Marijuana. Prev NEXT. Along with the brain, the side effects of marijuana reach many other parts of the body. Overall, users may notice the following short-term side effects: Problems with memory and learning; Distorted perception;.
Researchers don’t have enough information whether cannabis affects other cancers, including prostate, cervical, and bladder cancers and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Lungs. Regular marijuana use can. Importantly, in most cases, saying cannabis is connected to an increased risk doesn't mean marijuana use caused that risk. 12 / In some people, weed could also increase the risk of depression. Chapter 3: Physiological Effects of Alcohol, Drugs, and Tobacco on Women Overview Based on human and animal studies, women are more sensitive to the consumption and long-term effects of alcohol and drugs than men.