YRBSS monitors health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among young people in the United States, including violence.
Causes of School Violence Causes of School Violence School violence is a many-faceted problem, making it difficult for researchers and practitioners to pinpoint its causes. Many school violence statistics, for example, do not match the norms in our larger society.
Department of Justice, shows that overall crime rates in U. Simultaneously, school-based studies reveal that many violent behaviors have increased among children and adolescents.
Department of Education and the U. Department of Justice, reveals that public schools experiencing violent incidents increased from 71 to 81 percent over a five-year period The same study reports that the percentage of students who reported gang presence at school increased from 21 percent in to 24 percent in Although no direct connection between gang activity and school violence can be established, the initiation of gang activity in neighborhoods and schools does frequently coincide with increased violence reports.
School violence does not limit itself to the student population. Eight percent of teachers say they are threatened with violence on school grounds at least once a month.
Two percent report being physically attacked each year. Although the specific incidents of school-based fatalities are too numerous to list, there were 48 school-associated deaths in elementary and secondary schools in one year alone, from July,through June, Statistics indicate that efforts to curb school violence are making some headway sincea high point for school-based violence.
From toviolent incidents occurred less frequently in school than away from school, according to the above listed study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Education Center. In the context of school violence, it is critical to recognize that a large majority of young people are not violence-prone, do not have criminal attitudes or criminal records, and can be "demonized" by legislators, the media, and the general public.
Michael Males, a professor at University of California at Santa Cruz, points to another source beyond the attitudes and behaviors of children. Poverty, disownment, and messed-up adults are by far the biggest problems kids face, and the mystery is why only a relatively small fraction of modern kids are acting dangerously.
Most educators and education researchers and practitioners would agree that school violence arises from a layering of causes and risk factors that include but are not limited to access to weapons, media violence, cyber abuse, the impact of school, community, and family environments, personal alienation, and more.
More teens began to acquire and carry guns, leading to a sharp increase in gun deaths and injuries. In two recent academic years, a total of 85 young people died violently in U.
Seventy-five percent of these incidents involved firearms. Forty-two percent of students claimed "they could get a gun if they wanted, 28 percent have handled a gun without adult knowledge or supervision, and 17 percent have carried a concealed gun….
Teens can also acquire handguns in illegal sales. Following the Virginia Polytech shootings, the U. S House of Representatives passed a measure that would, according to the Los Angeles Times, "streamline the system for keeping track of criminals, mental patients, and others [including youth under 18] barred from buying firearms…" Currently, the bill has yet to pass into law, although many legislators believe the bill will be approved by both House and Senate.
By the time the average American child reaches seventh grade, he or she will have witnessed 8, murders andacts of violence on television. Some people say that so much violence on television makes American society--including its children--more violent. Discussion regarding the impact of the media on youth behavior is not new.
Inresearchers compared the behavior of 24 children watching either a violent cartoon episode Woody Woodpecker or a non-violent cartoon The Little Red Hen.
During subsequent observed interactions, children who watched the violent cartoon were more likely to hit other children and break toys than those who watched the nonviolent cartoon. Inprofessors A. Ross studied the effect of exposure to real-world violence, television violence, and cartoon violence.
They divided preschool children into four groups. Group one watched a real person shout insults at an inflatable doll while hitting it with a mallet.
Group two watched the incident on television. Group three watched a cartoon version of the same scene, and group four watched nothing. When the same children were later exposed to a frustrating situation, groups one, two, and three responded with more aggression than did group four.
Surgeon General under the Nixon Administration, released a report concluding that "televised violence. According to this report, this new research base is large and consistent in overall findings. The evidence is clearest in research on television and film violence but a growing body of video-game research yields "essentially the same conclusions…" that "exposure to these media increases the likelihood of physically and verbally aggressive behavior, thoughts, and emotions.
Cyber Abuse Since the s, the Internet, blogging, e-mail, and cell-phone text messaging have grown to play significant roles in the erosion of school safety. Violent, Internet-based video games have also grown in popularity as cyber technology becomes more sophisticated.
Computerized video games were first introduced to the public in the s.School violence is a subset of youth violence, a broader public health problem. Violence is the intentional use of physical force or power, against another person, group, or community, with the behavior likely to cause physical or psychological harm.
B. Fraudulent Suppression of the Decline in Accidental Child Gun Death. To help promote their gun control agenda, health advocate sages have long harped on the emotionally charged issue of child death by gun accident.
Multiple reasons dictate their failure to acknowledge the steep decline in such tragedies. The s: the loss of shared experience. In the 60 years between , when radio became the dominant conveyor of the prevailing mass culture in the United States, and , when cable television became a truly mature industry, broadcasting provided something that was unique in human history.
During that period, nearly the entire country—young and old, rich and poor, educated and uneducated. School Crime and Violence Rise. it is difficult to gauge the scope of crime and violence in schools given the large amount of attention devoted to isolated incidents of extreme school violence.
New Statistics from the American Community Survey to Be Embargoed. The U.S. Census Bureau will offer an embargo period for subscribers to view statistics from the American Community Survey five-year estimates. With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.