An introduction to the disease of hepatitis

Inflammation is the local reaction of the body, in this case the liver, in response to a damaging agent.

An introduction to the disease of hepatitis

How hepatitis is diagnosed History and physical exam To diagnose hepatitis, first your doctor will take your history to determine any risk factors you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitis.

Your doctor may also feel to see if your liver is enlarged. If your skin or eyes are yellow, your doctor will note this during the exam. Liver function tests Liver function tests use blood samples to determine how efficiently your liver works.

High liver enzyme levels may indicate that your liver is stressed, damaged, or not functioning properly. Other blood tests If your liver function tests are abnormal, your doctor will likely order other blood tests to detect the source of the problem. These tests can check for the viruses that cause hepatitis.

They can also be used to check for antibodies that are common in conditions like autoimmune hepatitis. Ultrasound An abdominal ultrasound uses ultrasound waves to create an image of the organs within your abdomen. This test allows your doctor to take a close at your liver and nearby organs.

An introduction to the disease of hepatitis

This can be a useful test in determining the cause of your abnormal liver function. Liver biopsy A liver biopsy is an invasive procedure that involves your doctor taking a sample of tissue from your liver. Typically, an ultrasound is used to guide your doctor when taking the biopsy sample.

This test allows your doctor to determine how infection or inflammation has affected your liver. It can also be used to sample any areas in your liver that appear abnormal. Treatment options are determined by which type of hepatitis you have and whether the infection is acute or chronic.

Bed rest may be recommended if symptoms cause a great deal of discomfort.

An introduction to the disease of hepatitis

The hepatitis A vaccine is available to prevent this infection. Most children begin vaccination between ages 12 and 18 months. Vaccination for hepatitis A is also available for adults and can be combined with the hepatitis B vaccine.

Chronic hepatitis B is treated with antiviral medications. This form of treatment can be costly because it must be continued for several months or years.

Treatment for chronic hepatitis B also requires regular medical evaluations and monitoring to determine if the virus is responding to treatment. Hepatitis B can be prevented with vaccination.

The CDC recommends hepatitis B vaccinations for all newborns. The series of three vaccines is typically completed over the first six months of childhood.

The vaccine is also recommended for all healthcare and medical personnel. Hepatitis C Antiviral medications are used to treat both acute and chronic forms of hepatitis C.Jul 31,  · Explore linked articles for information on diseases of medical importance to the Army population such as Ebola, Hepatitis, influenza, rabies, and Zika.

Hepatitis A is an acute liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus (HAV), lasting from a few weeks to several months. This Web site provides an introduction to the Army. An introduction to a program on liver cirrhosis, Viral Hepatitis.

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Menu. Viral Hepatitis. Viral Hepatitis Home; For Veterans and the Public. Facts: This program explains basic facts about the liver, and a disease of the liver called cirrhosis (pronounced "sir-o-sis").

It can help you understand the causes and treatments of cirrhosis. Rarely, people with the hepatitis A virus can rapidly develop liver failure, termed fulminant hepatic failure, especially the elderly and those who had a pre-existing liver disease, especially hepatitis C.

Mortality risk factors include greater age and chronic hepatitis C. In these cases, more aggressive supportive therapy and liver transplant may be necessary. A: Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world but other infections, toxic substances (e.g. alcohol, certain . Hepatitis: Introduction. Hepatitis is a general name for a group of serious diseases that affect the liver. Hepatitis often refers to infectious hepatitis, which includes hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, hepatitis attheheels.com of these types of hepatitis are caused by the hepatitis virus of the same name, such as the hepatitis A virus.

The most common forms of . 13 Viral Hepatitis an Introduction Hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver, can be caused by several very different viruses. Symptoms of hepatitis are universal, regardless if caused by an infectious agent or chronic.

Hepatitis | MedlinePlus