English farm at which the entire novel is set. When the novel opens, it is called Manor Farm and is run by a farmer named Jones. These names indicate that this farm stands for any farm, or any place, and that the entire novel should be read as an allegory.
Table of Contents Context George Orwell was the pen name of Eric Blair, a British political novelist and essayist whose pointed criticisms of political oppression propelled him into prominence toward the middle of the twentieth century.
Born in to British colonists in Bengal, India, Orwell received his education at a series of private schools, including Eton, an elite school in England.
|Animal Farm- A Book Report | Owlcation||See also Criticism and George Orwell Criticism.|
|SparkNotes: Animal Farm: Context||Two pigs, Snowball and Napoleonprove themselves important figures and planners of this dangerous enterprise. When Jones forgets to feed the animals, the revolution occurs, and Jones and his men are chased off the farm.|
|Animal Farm - Wikipedia||Many of the characters and events of Orwell's novel parallel those of the Russian Revolution: His rule was marked by his insistence that he was the uncontestable ruler of the nation.|
|Animal Farm: The Russian Revolution | Critical Essays | CliffsNotes||His rule was marked by his insistence that he was the uncontestable ruler of the nation.|
His painful experiences with snobbishness and social elitism at Eton, as well as his intimate familiarity with the reality of British imperialism in India, made him deeply suspicious of the entrenched class system in English society.
As a young man, Orwell became a socialist, speaking openly against the excesses of governments east and west and fighting briefly for the socialist cause during the Spanish Civil War, which lasted from to Unlike many British socialists in the s and s, Orwell was not enamored of the Soviet Union and its policies, nor did he consider the Soviet Union a positive representation of the possibilities of socialist society.
He could not turn a blind eye to the cruelties and hypocrisies of Soviet Communist Party, which had overturned the semifeudal system of the tsars only to replace it with the dictatorial reign of Joseph Stalin.
Orwell became a sharp critic of both capitalism and communism, and is remembered chiefly as an advocate of freedom and a committed opponent of communist oppression. His two greatest anti-totalitarian novels—Animal Farm and —form the basis of his reputation.
Orwell died inonly a year after completingwhich many consider his masterpiece. A dystopian novel, attacks the idea of totalitarian communism a political system in which one ruling party plans and controls the collective social action of a state by painting a terrifying picture of a world in which personal freedom is nonexistent.
Animal Farm, written indeals with similar themes but in a shorter and somewhat simpler format. Certain animals are based directly on Communist Party leaders: Orwell uses the form of the fable for a number of aesthetic and political reasons.
To better understand these, it is helpful to know at least the rudiments of Soviet history under Communist Party rule, beginning with the October Revolution of At the end of October November 7 on current calendarsKerensky was ousted, and Vladimir Lenin, the architect of the Russian Revolution, became chief commissar.
Trotsky was a popular and charismatic leader, famous for his impassioned speeches, while the taciturn Stalin preferred to consolidate his power behind the scenes. In the following years, Stalin succeeded in becoming the unquestioned dictator of the Soviet Union and had Trotsky expelled first from Moscow, then from the Communist Party, and finally from Russia altogether in Stalin used his former opponent as a tool to placate the wretched populace.
Trotsky became a common national enemy and thus a source of negative unity. He was a frightening specter used to conjure horrifying eventualities, in comparison with which the current misery paled.
These and many other developments in Soviet history before have direct parallels in Animal Farm: Napoleon ousts Snowball from the farm and, after the windmill collapses, uses Snowball in his purges just as Stalin used Trotsky. Similarly, Napoleon becomes a dictator, while Snowball is never heard from again.
Orwell was inspired to write Animal Farm in part by his experiences in a Trotskyist group during the Spanish Civil War, and Snowball certainly receives a more sympathetic portrayal than Napoleon. Historical Context Russian society in the early twentieth century was bipolar: They hoped to establish a socialist utopia based on the principles of the German economic and political philosopher Karl Marx.
In Das Kapital CapitalMarx advanced an economically deterministic interpretation of human history, arguing that society would naturally evolve—from a monarchy and aristocracy, to capitalism, and then on to communism, a system under which all property would be held in common.
The dignity of the poor workers oppressed by capitalism would be restored, and all people would live as equals. After a politically complicated civil war, Tsar Nicholas II, the monarch of Russia, was forced to abdicate the throne that his family had held for three centuries.
Vladimir Ilych Lenin, a Russian intellectual revolutionary, seized power in the name of the Communist Party. The new regime took land and industry from private control and put them under government supervision.
Stalin, a crafty and manipulative politician, soon banished Trotsky, an idealistic proponent of international communism. Stalin then began to consolidate his power with brutal intensity, killing or imprisoning his perceived political enemies and overseeing the purge of approximately twenty million Soviet citizens.Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of and then on into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union.
Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by. George Orwell was the pen name of Eric Blair, a British political novelist and essayist whose pointed criticisms of political oppression propelled him into prominence toward the middle of the twentieth century.
One of Orwell's goals in writing Animal Farm was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Revolution of as one that resulted in a government more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one it overthrew. Animal Farm is an allegory, which is a story in which concrete and specific characters and situations stand for other characters and situations so as to make a point about them.
The main action of Animal Farm stands for the Russian Revolution of and the early years of the Soviet Union. The Real Animal Farm, the Life of a Human George Orwell is the author of Animal Farm, which was published on August 17, Even though Animal Farm was based on the Russian Revolution, the events in the book can be related to today.
Animal Farm study guide contains a biography of George Orwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Study Guides Q & A.