Canto 2 Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Inferno, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Paganism vs. Christianity This World vs.
To regain his path, he tries to climb a mountain, but a leopard, a lion, and a wolf block his way. The Roman poet Virgil approaches him and offers to conduct him through Hell and Purgatory as the only way back to the right path. Virgil comes at the request of a lady from Heaven, Beatrice a woman whom Dante once lovedwho will guide the pilgrim through Heaven once he reaches it.
At the River Acheron, where they find the ferryman Charon, Dante is seized with terror and falls unconscious. Aroused by a loud clap of thunder, he finds himself across the river and follows his A literary analysis of dantes inferno through Limbo, the first of the nine circles of the funnel-shaped Hell.
The souls in Limbo, most of whom lived in ancient times, lived virtuous lives but were not baptized since Christ had not yet come to Earth when they lived.
Unlike the other souls in Hell, they are not undergoing any torments. The next four circles Dante and Virgil visit are reserved for those who committed sins of incontinence.
In the second circle, they meet Minos, the infernal judge, who appoints newly arrived sinners to their appropriate circle for punishment.
Dante is overcome by pity as he witnesses the souls who are guilty of sexual sin being eternally buffeted by a stormy wind.
He speaks to two souls and faints when he hears their story. The third circle houses gluttons, who are forced to lie in muck under a constant rain of filthy hail, snow, and stagnant water and are guarded by the terrifying three-headed dog Cerberus.
In the next circle, guarded by Plutus, Dante witnesses the prodigal and the avaricious in two semicircles rolling heavy boulders and clashing up against each other. Dante and Virgil reach the muddy river Styx, in which the wrathful are submerged and are tearing at one another. The city of Dis, or lower Hell, encompasses the last four circles of Hell.
However, an angel arrives from Heaven and commands the rebellious spirits to allow the two travelers passage. Once inside Dis, they discover fiery tombs that house the souls of heretics, and Dante speaks to two of the tormented.
The Minotaur—the raging half-man, half-bull—guards the seventh circle of souls who committed violence against others, against themselves, and against God.
Dante and Virgil see a red river of boiling blood, in which murderers are submerged. Dante is transported by a centaur across this river to a forest and discovers that the gnarled trees there contain the souls of those who committed suicide.
Next, they come to a plain of burning sand, where they find those who sinned against God blasphemers or nature homosexuals and usurers. Flakes of fire rain down on all three groups. Among the homosexuals, Dante is astounded to find a former mentor, and he speaks with three souls from Florence.
The two poets then come to a precipice. When they reach the bottom, they see ten moat-like ditches in descending sequence, connected by rocky bridges. Each ditch houses sinners who committed a type of fraud. Dante finds here, for instance, seducers, flatterers, diviners, sellers of political offices and favors, hypocrites, and thieves.
The ten separate torments endured by frauds range from sitting in dung flatterers to wearing leaden coats that appear golden on the outside hypocrites. In this circle, Dante speaks to many people and Virgil speaks to Ulysses.
Hearing a horn blow, the travelers see a group of giants buried up to their waists who surround the ninth circle, in which traitors are encased in ice.
After being lowered into this final circle by the giant Antaeus, Dante converses with some of the souls there and learns the nature of their particular betrayals.
At the center of this lowest circle, they see the monstrous figure of Satan, with three faces and six wings, frozen up to his waist. A grassy plain surrounds a conical mountain with seven circular ledges that has an insurmountable wall around its base.
They soon see a boat propelled by an angel transporting souls of recently deceased people who are destined for Heaven but who must first undergo purification.
Dante recognizes a musician friend among them. As Virgil and Dante stroll through the plain, they encounter many souls who explain that they are kept in this area, ante-purgatory, because they delayed their repentance. They plead with Dante, as do many souls in this realm, to ask their families to pray for them when he returns to the Northern Hemisphere.
Once past the gate, the two poets ascend a narrow winding path and arrive at the first ledge. They see souls bent over, carrying heavy stones on their backs. Here and on every ledge, the souls meditate on examples of the vice of which they are being cleansed and of its opposite virtue—in this case, pride and humility.
As Dante climbs to the next ledge, the angel guarding the connecting stair removes the first mark on his forehead—a procedure that will be repeated from ledge to ledge.
On the second ledge, the souls wear sackcloth and have their eyelids sewn shut with wire while they listen to examples of envy and generosity. The wrathful, on the next ledge, are enveloped in blinding smoke, and on the fourth ledge, Dante and Virgil witness the purging of sloth when they see souls forced to run continuously.
One of the souls here asserts that human beings have free will and choose their ultimate destinies. Virgil discusses the nature of love and the moral order of the mountain, explaining that the sinful dispositions on this mountain can be categorized as examples of misdirected, defective, or excessive love.Dante's 'Inferno' is one of the most notable pieces of work within the Western literary canon.
The work continues to impress readers with its imaginative vision of Hell.
Literary Devices in Inferno Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory Let’s face it, you can’t really discuss Hell and all its inhabitants without illuminating something about the society that produces such evildoers.
Become a Reader Member to unlock in-line analysis of character development, literary devices, themes, and more! Owl Eyes is an improved reading and annotating experience for . A Literary Review of Dante Alighieri’s “Inferno” Dante Alighieri’s “Inferno” is a narrative poem describing Dante’s journey through his perception of hell in search of salvation.
Inferno Analysis Literary Devices in Inferno. Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory. Let’s face it, you can’t really discuss Hell and all its inhabitants without illuminating something about the society that produces such evildoers. So Dante’s personal crisis and. Dante's 'Inferno' is one of the most notable pieces of work within the Western literary canon.
The work continues to impress readers with its imaginative vision of Hell. This lesson introduces the.