He wrote 16 books and many more journal articles describing it.
By Harold Ivan Smith. Westminster John Knox Press, Eleanor Roosevelt not only was the longest serving First Lady, but perhaps except for Hillary Clinton, she is surely the most influential First Lady in American History.
I know that, while I had some sense of her importance as a political figure, not only during her tenure in the White House, but as a delegate to the United Nations, I did not know the extent of her faith.
Her faith, her religion, was broad, liberal, and committed to justice. She was a friend of H. After all, I had read the spiritual biography of Jackie Robinson, in the same series, and loved it.
As with the Robinson biography, the author focuses on the connection faith to life. There are likely other more detailed and comprehensive biographies of Roosevelt, but Harold Smith, who is not a historian or a biographer by trade, gives us a readable, thoughtful introduction to her life that puts faith front and center.
His specialty is spirituality, and that shows up regularly in the book. In the end, we encounter a person of deep faith who is committed to justice and peace in the world.
Though she hailed from a wealthy and politically connected family Teddy Roosevelt was her paternal uncleher life experiences led her to places most people of her stature would not venture into.
Thus, she developed a keen sense of compassion for those on the margins. To her, all human beings, all, are the beloved children of God" p.
That contributed to political instincts, that were much more progressive than even her husbands. Smith begins the biography with a chapter that paraphrases the title of an article that she wrote in for the magazine "Forum.
To those of us who were brought up as Christians that standard is the life of Christ" p. In other words, she embraced orthopraxis over orthodoxy. During her lifetime, she was very open her open about her faith, even though her understanding of the Christian faith led to criticism from more conservative Christians who often questioned whether she was a Christian.
On the other hand, she was not shy about challenging people who claimed to be Christians, but who expressed anti-Semitic sentiments or were racist. Thus, unlike FDR, who built a coalition of northern liberals and southern segregationists, she could not overlook the racism of his coalition partners.
While she emphasized orthopraxis, she could without problem affirm the creeds she learned as a child, growing up in the Episcopal Church of her family. She not only knew the creeds, but the Bible as well, having memorized the New Testament in French as a child.
The chapter detailing her horrific childhood will be difficult to read. I was amazed to learn that she kept a Book of Common Prayer close by, throughout her life, but also memorized the New Testament in French.
So, she knew her Bible, probably better than most of her critics. Things got better during adolescence, but that was due to spending time at the Allenswood School in England, which was led by Mlle.
Marie Souvestre, a progressive educator, who recognized both the scars inflicted on her by family, and her potential to be more than had been instilled in her.
There, she got to travel and grow into a thoughtful young woman. While Souvestre was an atheist she didn't douse her faith, but instead challenged her to examine her faith. That faith blossomed as she examined it. There is a chronological progression in the book, but the chapters also focus on specific topics, beginning with the development of her own progressive form of Episcopal theology.
Her faith was ecumenical.
She read scripture, and sought to interpret it contextually, recognizing the value of science as a conversation partner. She understood that one could find great comfort guidance in Scripture, but also defend racism and discrimination with its words.
She looked to prayer to strengthen her in life, especially as she faced innumerable challenges, including an unfaithful husband. Yes, we learn about FDR's affairs, and the effect they had on their marriage. They remained married, in part because of a recognition that in that day divorce had devastating implications.
Then, there was his polio. In the end, they made a truce of sorts, that gave her permission to follow her heart where it led, and that often led to advocacy on behalf of those on the margins.
She got pulled into politics, not because she pursued it, but because she became FDR's stand-in. She also was very effective as a political spokesperson, working not only for her husband but others, including Al Smith.
Prior to Eleanor, most First Ladies stayed in the background, hosting teas and such.Carl Rogers: One of the Founding Fathers of Humanism - As one of the founding fathers of humanism, Carl Rogers was very interested in an approach to psychology that had to do with the thoughts and feelings of clients (notice that the word patient is sparsely used).
Historiography - Branches of history: Histories have been written about architecture, sculpture, painting, music, dance, theatre, motion pictures, television, and literature. Despite essential differences, these forms of historiography have some common features. One is that they are almost invariably produced outside history departments and faculties.
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Examples On The 19 Propositions Of Carl Rogers. 3/22/13 Carl Rogers Carl Rogers Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, – February 4, ) was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology.
Rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the .
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the political philosophy of Hannah Arendt. She developed many of her ideas in response to the rise of totalitarianism in the C20th, partly informed by her own experience as a Jew in Nazi Germany before her escape to France and then America.
17, years ago is 15,BC. The Paleo-Indian period spans from approximately 15,BC to the end of the Pleistocene Ice Age about 7,BC. (Belize Institute of Archaeology).